We reviewed the treatment of 56 children with vesicoureteral reflux and complete duplication of the collecting system, including 14 who had complete bilateral duplication. A total of 70 refluxing duplicated systems was analyzed. Of the patients 18% demonstrated spontaneous resolution of reflux within 42 months, 23% are currently stable on prophylactic antibiotics and 57.1% underwent surgical correction. Spontaneous resolution of reflux occurred in 58% of the children with grades I to III/V reflux. In comparing the group with reflux and duplication to a group with reflux into single systems, we conclude that the patients with duplication and lower grades of reflux can be managed nonoperatively, while infection is prevented with antibiotic prophylaxis.
- Vesico-ureteral reflux
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