Normal temporal variability of the P100

B. S. Oken, K. H. Chiappa, E. Gill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Determination of clinically significant temporal changes in P100 latency requires knowledge of the degree of normal intraindividual variability. Checkerboard visual evoked potentials using 3 check sizes (17′, 35′ and 70′) were performed serially on 20 healthy volunteers. Each subject was tested at least twice an average of 6 months apart. The P100 latency was measured at Oz with a forehead reference (Pz, O1 and O2 channels were also recorded). The overall average P100 latency change between studies for all check sizes and both eyes was 2.9 msec. However, the maximum absolute latency change was 11 msec. There was no significant difference between the average latency change for the 3 check sizes. The P100 interocular difference changed a mean of 2.5 msec (maximum 9 msec). Amplitude was more variable, with a mean change of about 1.5 μV or 25% (maximum was a 60% decrease in amplitude). A P100 latency change of up to at least 11 msec needs to be acknowledged as normal when assessing the clinical significance of changes in P100 latencies in patients. Also, P100 latency changes greater than 11 or 12 msec are very suggestive of an abnormality in the visual pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-156
Number of pages4
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/ Evoked Potentials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1987


  • P100
  • Variability
  • Visual evoked potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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