Not So Black and White: Nursing Home Concentration of Hispanics Associated with Prevalence of Pressure Ulcers

Michael P. Gerardo, Joan M. Teno, Vincent Mor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the association between the nursing home (NH) concentration of Hispanics and prevalence of pressure ulcer. Design: Secondary data analysis using data from the national repository of the 2000 Minimum Data Set (MDS) and On-Line Survey Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) data. We used a multivariate logistic model, with the Huber-White correction to account for clustering of persons within a nursing facility, to examine the association of Hispanic NH concentration with the prevalence of pressure ulcers, after adjusting for resident level characteristics. Setting: Five states with a high population of Mexican-Americans (California, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Texas). Participants: A total of 74,343 persons (9.26% black, 11.28% Hispanic, 79.46% non-Hispanic white) in a NH located in 1 of these 5 states during the last quarter of 2000. Measurements: The prevalence of Stage II-IV pressure ulcers was examined in the last quarter of 2000. Stage II-IV pressure ulcers, resident demographics, and medical illness data were documented by nursing staff on the MDS. Results: Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks had a higher prevalence of pressure ulcers than non-Hispanic whites (7.60%, 9.71% and 12.10%, respectively). A facility's concentration of Hispanic residents was associated with prevalent pressure ulcers after adjustment for resident characteristics. Conclusions: Residents in nursing homes in which there is a higher concentration of Hispanic residents are more likely to have a pressure ulcer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-132
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Hispanics
  • disparities
  • nursing homes
  • pressure ulcer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'Not So Black and White: Nursing Home Concentration of Hispanics Associated with Prevalence of Pressure Ulcers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this