Nourish: A pilot program to support self-Efficacy, learning, and wellness during USMLE step 1 preparation

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Purpose: Medical trainees experience significant exam-related stress, such as preparing for the USA Licensing Medical Examination Step 1, which often negatively affects emotional health. Nourish, a novel Step 1 support program, was designed to foster improved self-efficacy and well-being during the process of studying for and taking the exam. Nourish was piloted at Oregon Health & Science University between December 2018 and February 2019. Methods: Program elements were guided by Self-Efficacy Theory and included community building, wellness support, peer tutoring and social persuasion. Program evaluation included pre- and post-program surveys. Participation was optional and included 46 of 154 students (30%) with 40 of the 46 students (87%) completing pre and post evaluations. The pre-survey was given during the Nourish orientation in December prior to the Step 1 study period, and the post-survey was given in early February when most students had taken their exam but none had received their scores. Results: While summary self-efficacy scores increased between baseline and post program (24.9 vs 27.7, p < 0.001), summary emotional health scores worsened (8.15 vs 8.75, p = 0.03). Summary scores for physical health also dropped but this difference was not statistically significant. Summary perceived stress scores increased from 15.5 at baseline to 23.7 post program (p < 0.001). All students who routinely participated in Nourish passed their USMLE Step 1 exam. One student who participated only in the orientation session did not pass. Conclusion: Nourish appeared to improve self-efficacy, even though students reported being stressed with low emotional health. The program appeared to help students align task demands with their own personal resources and set reasonable expectations and strategies to pass the exam. Medical schools should consider similar peer- and faculty mentor-based wellness and tutoring programs to support medical students while they work to achieve academic success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2153781
JournalMedical Education Online
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • USA medical licensing exam
  • Undergraduate medical education
  • medical student wellness
  • mentorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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