Pediatric traumatic hemorrhagic shock consensus conference research priorities

Robert T. Russell, Melania M. Bembea, Matthew A. Borgman, Randall S. Burd, Barbara A. Gaines, Mubeen Jafri, Cassandra D. Josephson, Christine M. Leeper, Julie C. Leonard, Jennifer A. Muszynski, Kathleen K. Nicol, Daniel K. Nishijima, Paul A. Stricker, Adam M. Vogel, Trisha E. Wong, Philip C. Spinella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death in children and adolescents. Hemorrhagic shock remains a common and preventable cause of death in the pediatric trauma patients. A paucity of high-quality evidence is available to guide specific aspects of hemorrhage control in this population. We sought to identify high-priority research topics for the care of pediatric trauma patients in hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: A panel of 16 consensus multidisciplinary committee members from the Pediatric Traumatic Hemorrhagic Shock Consensus Conference developed research priorities for addressing knowledge gaps in the care of injured children and adolescents in hemorrhagic shock. These ideas were informed by a systematic review of topics in this area and a discussion of these areas in the consensus conference. Research priorities were synthesized along themes and prioritized by anonymous voting. RESULTS: Eleven research priorities that warrant additional investigation were identified by the consensus committee. Areas of proposed study included well-designed clinical trials and evaluations, including increasing the speed and accuracy of identifying and treating hemorrhagic shock, defining the role of whole blood and tranexamic acid use, and assessment of the utility and appropriate use of viscoelastic techniques during early resuscitation. The committee recommended the need to standardize essential definitions, data elements, and data collection to facilitate research in this area. CONCLUSION: Research gaps remain in many areas related to the care of hemorrhagic shock after pediatric injury. Addressing these gaps is needed to develop improved evidence-based recommendations for the care of pediatric trauma patients in hemorrhagic shock. (J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2023;94: S11–S18.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S11-S18
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Trauma
  • hemorrhage
  • pediatrics
  • priorities
  • research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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