Perceptions and Experiences of Gender Equity among Endourologists

Leigh H. Martin, Sara L. Best, Michelle Jo Semins, Roxanne E. Haslam, Rebecca Agnor, Casey A. Seideman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: Only 9.9% of practicing urologists in the United States are women. This percentage is even smaller in leadership positions and high-ranking appointments. Endourology is one of the least reported fellowships completed by women urologists. We sought to evaluate how endourologists perceived the climate for women physicians and compare perceptions and experiences of gender equity. Materials and Methods: An IRB approved and validated survey, Culture Conducive to Women's Academic Success (CCWAS) questionnaire was sent out to the Endourological Society listserve. Subcategories of equal access, work-life balance, freedom of gender bias, and leadership support were analyzed. An open comment section was provided for respondents to include their own experiences. Wilcoxon rank-sum and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare CCWAS scores between groups. Results: A total of 104 completed surveys were received. Response rate was 7% (104/1492), 26.9% of which were female. There was a statistically significant difference between male and female respondent CCWAS scores; p < 0.05. The male CCWAS score median was 196.0 (interquartile range [IQR] 176.75-214.0) vs female CCWAS score median of 166.5 (IQR 127.5-210.0). There was no significant difference in CCWAS scores based on years in practice, parental status, or academic vs private practice. Discussion: In this study, male endourologists' perceptions of gender equity were incongruent with the reported experiences of their female colleagues. This indicates that male respondents perceive the culture in their department toward women more positively than their female colleagues. This is suggestive that there are gender-based differences in how gender inequities are perceived and potentially experienced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1632-1639
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022


  • gender bias
  • questionnaire
  • social perceptions
  • women physicians
  • work/job satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptions and Experiences of Gender Equity among Endourologists'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this