Perceptions of society for vascular surgery members and surgery department chairs of the integrated 0 + 5 vascular surgery training paradigm

Misaki Kiguchi, Andrew Leake, Galen Switzer, Erica Mitchell, Michel Makaroun, Rabih A. Chaer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Introduction As the first generation of integrated (0 + 5) vascular surgery (VS) residents enter the job market, this survey sought to understand how the surgical community perceives this training paradigm. Methods An anonymous online survey was e-mailed to surgery chairpersons (n = 193) and Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) members (n = 2193) in the United States/Canada with 26% (n = 38) and 14% (n = 309) response rates, respectively. Respondents were asked about their practice background, residency program, hiring patterns, and perceptions of the 0 + 5 training. Results Response rates were 26% (n = 38) and 14% (n = 309) for surgery chairpersons and SVS members, respectively. SVS respondents were from academic (62%) and private (38%) practices and included staff surgeons (62%), program directors (15%), and division chiefs (22%). Only 33% had a 0 + 5 program, and 57% had a VS fellowship. Overall, 94% were likely to hire a new vascular surgeon in the next 5 years. In some categories, SVS respondents believed 0 + 5 residents would be less prepared than 5 + 2 residents. Only 32% thought that 0 + 5 residents have the same level of surgical maturity, and 36% thought that they have the same level of open operative skills as 5 + 2 trainees. Another 34% thought 0 + 5 residents will need additional fellowship training in open surgery. However, there was also a general perception from SVS respondents that 0 + 5 residents would be prepared for clinical practice (67%) and would have equal endovascular skills to 5 + 2 trainees (92%). The chairpersons had similar perceptions as SVS members. Both SVS members (88%) and chairpersons (86%) would consider interviewing a 0 + 5 graduate for faculty position; 83% and 72%, respectively, would consider hiring. Moreover, 93% of SVS respondents who currently have a 0 + 5 program and 86% of SVS respondents who do not would consider hiring a 0 + 5 graduate. Both SVS members (62%) and chairpersons (50%) believed the 0 + 5 paradigm is essential for the advancement of VS. Conclusions Overall perceptions of 0 + 5 graduates were positive and indicated their likely acceptance into the VS workforce. Although there were some reservations regarding the 0 + 5 graduates' maturity level and open operative skills, the surgical community was willing to interview and hire these trainees for staff positions. Further follow-up will be required to evaluate their performance in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-725
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2014


  • fellowship
  • integrated
  • perceptions
  • residency
  • vascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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