Precision medicine in acute myeloid leukemia: Hope, hype or both?

Vinay Prasad, Robert Peter Gale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Precision medicine is interchangeably used with personalized medicine, genomic medicine and individualized medicine. Collectively, these terms refer to at least 5 distinct concepts in the context of AML. 1st, using molecular or omics data (e.g. genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) to delineate or define subtypes of AML. 2nd, using these data to select the best therapy for someone with an AML subtype, such as a person with a FLT3-mutation. 3rd, using these data to monitor therapy-response such as measurable residual disease [MRD]-testing. 4th, using results of MRD-testing to select from amongst therapy-options such as additional chemotherapy or a haematopoietic cell transplant. And 5th, using these data to identify persons with hereditary forms of AML with potential therapy and surveillance implications. Here, we review these 5 conceptions and delineate where precision medicine is likely to afford greatest hope and where instead our rhetoric may constitute hype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia Research
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • AML
  • Individualized medicine
  • Molecular medicine
  • Precision medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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