Predictors of relapse: Interaction of drinking-related locus of control and reasons for drinking

Daniel R. Kivlahan, Dennis M. Donovan, R. Dale Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Pretreatment scores from the drinking-related locus of control scale (DRIE) and reasons for drinking were investigated as predictors of drinking relapse over a nine-month follow-up in a sample of 232 male alcoholics. A significant relationship was found between reasons for drinking and the probability of relapse, with the lowest relapse rates occuring among patients who identified interpersonal conflicts or positive emotional states as the most important reasons for their pretreatment drinking. Results of a reasons for drinking by relapse status ANOVA on DRIE scores revealed no significant main effects. There was, however, a significant interaction. Among patients who attributed their drinking to negative emotional states, those who either relapsed or were lost to follow-up had significantly more external DRIE scores. Among patients who identified negative physical states (i.e., craving) as their primary reason for drinking, relapse or attrition was associated with significantly more internal DRIE scores. Results support assessment of these cognitive social learning constructs for differential treatment planning with patients at increased risk of relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-276
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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