Principles of deformity correction

Josiah N. Orina, Sigurd H. Berven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Spinal deformity can be defined as malalignment of the spine in the coronal, sagittal, and/or axial planes. It is a common condition with a great clinical impact on health-related quality of life and the cost of care. Appropriate management may encompass a wide range of options including nonoperative care, limited decompression, limited fusion, and complex spinal realignment. Complex spinal realignment involves application of a broad spectrum of techniques for deformity correction and is often characterized by significant variability in surgical approach between providers. The presence of variability reflects an absence of an evidence-based approach to care and the need for guiding principles. The purpose of this chapter is to describe the impact of spinal deformity on health status and to detail principles of deformity correction that can guide clinicians in selecting appropriate surgical plans to maximize patient benefit while minimizing the risks and costs of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssentials of Spinal Stabilization
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783319597133
ISBN (Print)9783319597126
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Anterior surgery
  • Deformity correction
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Lumbar lordosis
  • Pedicle subtraction osteotomy
  • Pelvic incidence
  • Posterior-based osteotomies
  • Spinal deformity
  • Vertebral column resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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