Proposed absolute temperature scale for cerium magnesium nitrate below 0.003 K

James J. Huntzicker, D. A. Shirley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The absolute temperature scale for single-crystal cerium magnesium nitrate (CMN) has been extended to entropies as low as SR=0.002 by adiabatic demagnetization from values of HT up to 68 kOe/K. The temperature dependence of the highly anisotropic angular distribution of the 255-keV γ ray from oriented Ce137m in the CMN provided the thermometric parameter. The nuclear-orientation results were interpreted with the spin Hamiltonian H=gβHxSx+B(SxIx+SyIy), where Hx is a calculated dipolar field. The hyperfine-structure constant B was determined by normalizing the higher-temperature nuclear-orientation results to the calorimetric results of Hudson and Kaeser and of Mess et al. at high entropies. A provisional temperature scale, based on both our nuclear-orientation results and the calorimetric work, is proposed. This scale is compared in detail with the results from earlier studies of CMN. The Ce137m γ-ray thermometer was also used to investigate the thermal behavior of cerium zinc nitrate (CZN). The preliminary nuclear-orientation results indicate a high degree of similarity between CZN and CMN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4420-4431
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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