Protect Our Kids: a novel program bringing hemorrhage control to schools

Joseph Tobias, Aaron Cunningham, Kelsi Krakauer, Deepthi Nacharaju, Lori Moss, Carlos Galindo, Michael Roberts, Nicholas A. Hamilton, Kyle Olsen, Molly Emmons, Jim Quackenbush, Martin A. Schreiber, Beech S. Burns, David Sheridan, Benjamin Hoffman, Adrienne Gallardo, Mubeen A. Jafri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Following the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, the Hartford Consensus produced the Stop the Bleed program to train bystanders in hemorrhage control. In our region, the police bureau delivers critical incident training to public schools, offering instruction in responding to violent or dangerous situations. Until now, widespread training in hemorrhage control has been lacking. Our group developed, implemented and evaluated a novel program integrating hemorrhage control into critical incident training for school staff in order to blunt the impact of mass casualty events on children. Methods: The staff of 25 elementary and middle schools attended a 90-minute course incorporating Stop the Bleed into the critical incident training curriculum, delivered on-site by police officers, nurses and doctors over a three-day period. The joint program was named Protect Our Kids. At the conclusion of the course, hemorrhage control kits and educational materials were provided and a four-question survey to assess the quality of training using a ten-point Likert scale was completed by participants and trainers. Results: One thousand eighteen educators underwent training. A majority were teachers (78.2%), followed by para-educators (5.8%), counselors (4.4%) and principals (2%). Widely covered by local and state media, the Protect Our Kids program was rated as excellent and effective by a majority of trainees and all trainers rated the program as excellent. Conclusions: Through collaboration between trauma centers, police and school systems, a large-scale training program for hemorrhage control and critical incident response can be effectively delivered to schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
JournalInjury Epidemiology
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Active shooter event
  • Hemorrhage control
  • Intentional mass casualty event
  • Stop the Bleed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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