Recombinant phenotyping of cytomegalovirus UL97 kinase sequence variants for ganciclovir resistance

Sunwen Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


A strain of human cytomegalovirus, T2211, modified from standard laboratory strain AD169 to contain a secreted alkaline phosphatase reporter gene for rapid viral quantitation, was cloned as a bacterial artificial chromosome, BA1, and then mutagenized to create recombinant viruses containing viral UL97 kinase sequence variants found in clinical specimens after ganciclovir treatment, but with no phenotypic data to determine their role in drug resistance. Seven control strains and 14 other recombinant strains were phenotyped for ganciclovir resistance and compared with similar strains created using prior technology to show a good concordance of findings. Sequence changes V466M, H469Y, A478V, N510S, A588V, K599R, L600I, G623S, T659I, and V665I were found to confer no significant ganciclovir resistance, while mutations L405P, M460T, A594E, and C603R conferred 3- to 9-fold increases in ganciclovir 50% inhibitory concentrations. Different mutations at codons 594 (A594V, A594E) and 603 (C603W, C603S) conferred varied amounts of ganciclovir resistance. Advances in recombinant phenotyping make it easier to show that many uncharacterized UL97 sequence variants do not confer ganciclovir resistance, but some are newly confirmed as resistance associated, including one (L405P) which is outside the codon range where such mutations are usually found. This information should improve the interpretation of genotypic data generated by diagnostic laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2371-2378
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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