It is generally accepted that persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk of infection due to direct destruction of CD4+ lymphocytes and subsequently impaired cell-mediated immunity. Typically, HIV infection is associated with immunoglobulin elevations, but quantitative deficiencies in immunoglobulins have also been rarely described. We present an unusual case of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) in a HIV-positive patient with recurrent severe respiratory infections. We review epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of primary immunoglobulin deficiency. We also review the relationship between immunoglobulin deficiency and HIV and highlight the importance of recognizing the coexistence of two distinct immunodeficiency syndromes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine