Reducing paediatric unintended extubation: A standardized bundle approach

Lindsay F. Underwood, Sharon Norman, Benjamin Orwoll, Kenneth DeVane, Asma Taha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Unintended extubation (UE) is a serious risk associated with endotracheal intubation. In the paediatric population, UE can lead to significant patient harm. On average, each UE increases ICU and hospital length of stay by 5.5 and 6.5 days respectively and costs an additional $36 000. The international benchmark rate of UE for quality analysis cited in the literature is <1 per 100 ventilator days. The United States organization Solutions for Patient Safety (SPS) developed and introduced a bundle to reduce UE with a goal of ≤0.95 per 100 ventilator days. Aim: The aim of this quality improvement project was to determine the baseline rate of UE in a 20-bed mixed medical/surgical PICU in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, implement the SPS bundle for UE prevention, and assess adherence to the bundle, and subsequent rate of UE. Study design: The IHI Model for Improvement Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) was used to guide the development, implementation, and assessment of the SPS UE Bundle standardizing the management of endotracheal tubes. Adherence to the bundle was measured through peer-to-peer audits. Rates of adherence and UE were monitored on line charts. Results: Baseline rate of UE was 1.83 per 100 ventilator days; 23 weeks post implementation of the bundle the rate of UE was reduced to 0.38 UE per 100 ventilator days, F(7, 9) = 4.685, p = 0.027. The mean bundle adherence was 92%. Conclusions: This quality improvement initiative confirms that high adherence to the SPS UE Bundle may significantly reduce rates of UE in PICU settings. Relevance to clinical practice: Use of the SPS evidence-based discrete UE bundle and high adherence to the bundle can standardize practise and may reduce unintended extubation in the paediatric population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-302
Number of pages7
JournalNursing in critical care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • bundle
  • paediatric
  • quality improvement
  • unintended Extubation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care


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