Reduction of composite contraction stress through non-bonded microfiller particles

J. R. Condon, J. L. Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Objectives. To determine the reduction in composite polymerization stress through the addition of non-bonded microfiller particles. Methods. Microfillers that were unsilanated, silanated, and treated with a nonfunctional silane were added to dental resin and to a small-particle composite. The contraction stress generated by these materials was measured by polymerizing them between glass plates mounted in a mechanical testing machine. The maximum force was recorded 15 min after photo-initiation. Results were analysed by ANOVA (analysis of variance)/Tukey's test (p ≤ 0.05). Results. The addition of non-functional silanated microfillers to dental resin resulted in a significant 50% decrease in polymerization stress. The addition of unsilanated microfillers did not reduce the contraction stress. When added to small-particle composite, the unsilanated microfillers produced a significant 30% reduction in contraction stress compared to the composite containing silanated microfillers. The non-functional silanated microfillers did not reduce the contraction stress in the small-particle composite. Significance. The polymerization shrinkage of dental composite can impose high levels of stress on the tooth surfaces to which it is bonding. This contraction stress can lead to failure of bond formation with the surrounding tooth structure. Microfiller particles that are not bound to the resin matrix might provide sites for relief of internal stresses, significantly reducing contraction stress in dental composite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-260
Number of pages5
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1998


  • Contraction stress
  • Dental composites
  • Microfiller

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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