Response tendencies, ethnicity, and depression scores

Sally W. Vernon, Robert E. Roberts, Eun Sul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale was given to a sample of whites, blacks, and Mexican-Americans residing in Alameda County, California, in 1978. Scores on the scale were analyzed to see whether or not a potentially important source of bias called response tendencies affected prevalence estimates and associations between symptom scores and demographic variables. Response tendencies were found to be differentially correlated with symptom scores by ethnic status; however, their effects were not of sufficient magnitude to alter most associations observed between symptom scores and demographic variables. The need for further methodological studies to clarify the definitions of concepts such as "depression" is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-495
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1982
Externally publishedYes


  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Depression
  • Ethnic groups
  • Hearth surveys
  • Interview, psychological

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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