The basis of medical nutrition therapy for patients with LC-FAODs is to provide adequate energy to maintain anabolism and prevent catabolism. In practice, energy needs are estimated based on formulas derived from normal populations but it is unknown if energy expenditure among patients with LC-FAODs is similar to the normal population. We measured resting energy expenditure (REE), total energy expenditure (TEE) and body composition in 31 subjects with LC-FAODs ranging in age from 7 to 64 years. Measured REE was lower than estimated REE by various prediction equations and measured TEE was lower than estimated TEE. It is possible that the lower energy expenditure based on prediction formulas from the normal population is due to differences in body composition; we compared body composition to normal data from the 2017–18 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Fat free mass and fat mass was similar between subjects with an LC-FAOD and NHANES normal data suggesting no difference in body composition. We then compared measured REE and TEE to normal published data from the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). Measured REE and TEE were significantly lower among subjects with LC-FAODs compared to normal published energy expenditure data. Our results suggests patients with a LC-FAOD exhibit a lower REE and therefore actually have a slightly lower TEE than estimated. Current prediction equations may overestimate energy expenditure of patients with a LC-FAOD.
- Energy expenditure
- Fatty acid oxidation disorders
- Resting energy expenditure
- Total energy expenditure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology