RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate, CAS registry number 26553-46-8

A. M. Api, D. Belsito, D. Botelho, M. Bruze, G. A. Burton, J. Buschmann, M. L. Dagli, M. Date, W. Dekant, C. Deodhar, M. Francis, A. D. Fryer, L. Jones, K. Joshi, S. La Cava, A. Lapczynski, D. C. Liebler, D. O'Brien, A. Patel, T. M. PenningG. Ritacco, J. Romine, N. Sadekar, D. Salvito, T. W. Schultz, I. G. Sipes, G. Sullivan, Y. Thakkar, Y. Tokura, S. Tsang

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review


The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. Ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data from read-across analog methyl 3-hexenoate (CAS # 2396-78-3) show that ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate is not expected to be genotoxic. The repeated dose, reproductive, and local respiratory toxicity endpoints were evaluated using the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for a Cramer Class I material, and the exposure to ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate is below the TTC (0.03 mg/kg/day, 0.03 mg/kg/day, and 1.4 mg/day, respectively). The skin sensitization endpoint was completed using Dermal Sensitization Threshold (DST) for non-reactive materials (900 μg/cm2); exposure is below the DST. The phototoxicity/photoallergenicity endpoints were evaluated based on ultraviolet (UV) spectra; ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate is not expected to be phototoxic/photoallergenic. The environmental endpoints were evaluated; ethyl (E)hex-3-enoate was found not to be persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) as per the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Environmental Standards, and its risk quotients, based on its current Volume of Use in Europe and North America (i.e., Predicted Environmental Concentration/Predicted No Effect Concentration [PEC/PNEC]), are <1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111474
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
StatePublished - Oct 15 2020


  • And reproductive
  • Developmental
  • Environmental safety
  • Genotoxicity
  • Local
  • Phototoxicity/photoallergenicity
  • Repeated dose
  • Respiratory toxicity
  • Skin sensitization
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology


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