Sensitivities in older eyes with good acuity: Cross-sectional norms

A. Eisner, S. A. Fleming, M. L. Klein, W. M. Mauldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


We measured several indices of foveal visual function for a large group of people aged 60 and older. The data reported in this paper are from individuals who had good acuity in each eye and met a number of other criteria for good ocular health. For each index, we described the rate of cross-sectional change with age using linear regression statistics. We found age-related change for eyes having 20/20 or better acuity to exist for several different indices. Sensitivity mediated by the blue-sensitive cones decreased with age, as expected. However, the rate of decrease was faster for females than for males. At least part of the difference was associated with different rates of lenticular change. Absolute sensitivity at long wavelengths also decreased with age, but at the same rate for each sex. Rayleigh color matches changed with age in a manner consistent with underlying age-related decreases of effective foveal cone photopigment density. However, not all indices showed age-dependent changes. For instance, the time constant describing the rate of photopic dark adaption did not appear to change with age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1824-1831
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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