Serum micronutrients and cervical dysplasia in Southwestern American Indian women

Alan S.S. Yeo, Melissa A. Schiff, George Montoya, Mary Masuk, Linda Van Asselt-King, Thomas M. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


We carried out a clinic-based case-control study to assess serum micronutrients as risk factors for cervical dysplasia among Southwestern American Indian women, a group with high rates of cervical preinvasive lesions. Cases were American Indian women with biopsy-proven cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN I or CIN II/III). Controls were from the same Indian Health Service clinics with normal cervical epithelium. We interviewed women about histories of sexually transmitted diseases, sexual behavior, diet, hygienic practices, cigarette smoking, and reproductive factors. Laboratory assays included serum for retinol (vitamin A), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), α-tocopherol (vitamin E), and red blood cell folate levels, DNA for human papillomavirus (HPV) typing, and tests for other sexually transmitted diseases. The strongest risks for cervical dysplasia were associated with cervical HPV infection [odds ratio (OR) = 3.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.2-4.6 and OR = 7.9, 95% CI = 4.8-13.1 for CIN I and CIN II/III, respectively]. With adjustments made for HPV infection and other relevant confounders, subjects in the lowest serum retinol quartile were at increased risk of CIN I compared with women in the highest quartile (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.3-4.1). The data suggest that low serum α-tocopherol was associated with CIN II/III, although the adjusted OR was not statistically significant (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 0.9-4.8). Low serum ascorbic acid and red blood cell folate were not associated with cervical dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cancer Research


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