Six new cases of CRB2-related syndrome and a review of clinical findings in 28 reported patients

Michelle Adutwum, Anna Hurst, Ghayda Mirzaa, Jessica D. Kushner, Caleb Rogers, Nahla Khalek, Ana G. Cristancho, Natalie Burrill, Michael E. Seifert, Maria I. Scarano, Rhonda E. Schnur, Anne Slavotinek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The Crumbs homolog-2 (CRB2)-related syndrome (CRBS-RS) is a rarely encountered condition initially described as a triad comprising ventriculomegaly, Finnish nephrosis, and elevated alpha-fetoprotein levels in maternal serum and amniotic fluid. CRB2-related syndrome is caused by biallelic, pathogenic variants in the CRB2 gene. Recent reports of CRB2-RS have highlighted renal disease with persistent proteinuria and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). We report six new and review 28 reported patients with pathogenic variants in CRB2. We compare clinical features and variant information in CRB2 in patients with CRB2-RS and in those with isolated renal disease. The kidneys were the most frequently involved body system and 11 patients had only renal manifestations with SRNS or nephrotic syndrome. Central nervous system involvement was the next most common manifestation, followed by cardiac findings that included Scimitar syndrome. There was a significant clustering of pathogenic variants for CRB2-RS in exons 8 and 10, whereas pathogenic variants in exons 12 and 13 were associated with isolated renal disease. Further information is needed to determine optimal management but monitoring for renal and ocular complications should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • CRB2-related syndrome
  • hydrocephalus
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • ventriculomegaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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