Some of the effects of terrorism on refugees

J. David Kinzie

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    4 Scopus citations


    Highly traumatized people are vulnerable to exacerbation of symptoms when confronted with stressful situations. The extensive TV coverage of the 9/11 attacks provided such a stressful stimulus. Many patients from Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Somalia, and Bosnia had severe reactions. Nightmares and flashbacks occurred most among Somalis, who felt less safe; depressive symptoms increased most among Bosnians. Encouraging patients to turn off the TV was very therapeutic. The Patriot Act severely affected refugee immigration to the United States, leaving many families separated and increasing suspicions of discrimination among Muslim refugees. Terrorism’s effects are pervasive and destructive. Some countermeasures may have similar unintended consequences.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationThe Trauma of Terrorism
    Subtitle of host publicationSharing Knowledge and Shared Care, An International Handbook
    PublisherTaylor and Francis
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Electronic)9781136747052
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2005


    • 9/11
    • Counter terrorism
    • Media
    • PTSD
    • Refugees

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine
    • General Health Professions
    • General Social Sciences


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