An electron density map of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (Rubisco) from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) has been obtained by X-ray crystallography at a nominal resolution of 0.34 nm. Phases were determined by multiple isomorphous replacement with three heavy atom derivatives and then refined by solvent flattening. Rubisco is barrel-shaped, and has (422) symmetry. The fourfold axis runs down an open central channel, concentric with the barrel. The molecule measures 10.5 nm along the fourfold axis, and has a diameter of 13 nm perpendicular to the fourfold axis at the widest point. The diameter of the central channel is 2.8 nm at the centre of the molecule, and 0.6 nm at its narrowest constriction. Portions of the polypeptide backbone of the promoter have been traced and some 127 residues have been assigned to 14 alpha-helices. The amino acid sequences of Rubisco from Rhodospirillum rubrum and from the large subunit of tobacco are sufficiently similar to suggest that the two chains are folded in the same general way.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences|
|State||Published - Oct 14 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)