The behavioral effects of acute and chronic JL 13, a putative antipsychotic, in Cebus non-human primates

Daniel E. Casey, Jacques Bruhwyler, Jacques Delarge, Joseph Géczy, Jean François Liégeois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Rationale: Neuroleptic or antipsychotic drugs are the mainstay of treating acute and chronic psychosis. However, their efficacy is offset by a wide array of side effects, especially extrapyramidal syndromes (EPS). In an attempt to develop novel antipsychotic agents, several animal models have been developed to characterize the profile of new chemical entities. Objective: To evaluate the behavioral characteristics of JL 13, a potentially unique antipsychotic agent, three separate studies across a wide dose range in Cebus monkeys were conducted and compared with two studies of oral and parenteral haloperidol. Methods: Twelve Cebus monkeys were tested with single i.m. doses of JL 13 (0.1-2.5 mg/kg), single p.o. doses (1.0-50.0 mg/kg), and 35 days of continuous p.o. (up to 25 mg/kg) treatments and were blindly evaluated. The same twelve monkeys were also tested with haloperidol i.m. (0.01-0.25 mg/kg) and nine of the monkeys also received haloperidol p.o. (0.1-5.0 mg/kg). Behaviors scored included sedation/arousal, locomotor activity, EPS of parkinsonism and dystonia, as well as reactivity. Results: JL 13 produced mild to moderate and dose-related increased sedation and decreased locomotor activity. Minimal decreases in eye blinking rates were also noted as a consequence of sedation. Mild dystonia and parkinsonian symptoms of slow movement developed at the highest dose tested of 50 mg/kg p.o. in only 6 of 12 monkeys. This is 50 times higher than oral doses of haloperidol that would be needed to produce similar EPS effects. Dose-related EPS of dystonia and bradykinesia occurred in relation to decreased locomotor activity and reactivity to stimuli with haloperidol i.m. and p.o., which are features characteristically seen with traditional neuroleptics. Conclusions: The behavioral effects of JL 13 in non-human primates suggest this compound is well tolerated and may have a favorable antipsychotic benefit/risk ratio in the clinic, especially if antipsychotic efficacy occurs at doses well below those that can cause EPS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001


  • Clozapine
  • Dopamine
  • Extrapyramidal side effect
  • Haloperidol
  • JL 13
  • Non-human primate
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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