The effect of the Belmont rapid infuser on cold stored whole blood coagulability

Tatiana Hoyos Gomez, S. James El Haddi, Sherri L. Grimstead-Arnold, Martin A. Schreiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: With the large-scale use of whole blood in massive transfusion using rapid infusers/fluid warmers such as the Belmont, questions remain as to whether coagulation potency, platelet number and function are preserved. We aimed to study functional coagulation capacity and cell counts in whole blood before and after infusion through the Belmont rapid infuser utilizing TEG analysis and complete blood counts. Methods: We evaluated 10 whole blood units before and after infusion through a Belmont Fluid Management System at a set rate of 200 mL/min and a temperature of 37.4 °C. Cell counts and thromboelastography function of the specimens were measured. Parameters were compared utilizing paired Student's t-tests and paired Wilcoxon Rank Sign tests. Results: Platelet count, R time, and Maximum amplitude showed significant decreases (defined as p<0.05) after being infused through the Belmont. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, and alpha angle were not statistically different before and after infusion. Conclusion: Infusion of cold stored whole blood in a Belmont infuser, appeared to decrease platelet counts and function as well as activate clotting factors as demonstrated by a shorter R time while not affecting red cell counts or fibrin cross-linking as measured by TEG parameters and cell counts. This suggests that while it is possible to transfuse whole blood through a rapid infuser, platelet quantity and function may be negatively impacted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-31
Number of pages3
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • DCR: Damage Control Resuscitation
  • MA: Maximum Amplitude
  • MTP: Massive Transfusion Protocol
  • TEG: Thromboelastography
  • WB: Whole Blood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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