The group-as-a-whole-object relations model of group psychotherapy

D. Rosen, K. W. Stukenberg, S. Saeks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The authors review the theoretical basis of group psychotherapy performed at The Menninger Clinic and demonstrate how the theory has been put into practice on two different types of inpatient units. The fundamental elements of the theory and practice used can be traced to object relations theory as originally proposed by Melanie Klein. Her work with individuals was directly applied to working with groups by Ezriel and Bion, who focused on interpreting group tension. More modern approaches have reintegrated working with individual concerns while also attending to the group-as-a-whole. Historically, these principles have been applied to long-term group treatment. The authors apply the concepts from the group-as-a-whole literature to short- and medium-length inpatient groups with open membership. They offer clinical examples of the application of these principles in short-term inpatient settings in groups with open membership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-488
Number of pages18
JournalBulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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