The impact of Drinking in the Dark (DID) procedural manipulations on ethanol intake in High Drinking in the Dark (HDID) mice

Antonia M. Savarese, Angela R. Ozburn, Amanda M. Barkley-Levenson, Pamela Metten, John C. Crabbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The High Drinking in the Dark mouse lines (HDID-1 and HDID-2) were selectively bred to achieve high blood ethanol concentrations (BECs) in the Drinking in the Dark (DID) task, a widely used model of binge-like intake of 20% ethanol. There are several components that differentiate DID from other animal models of ethanol intake: time of day of testing, length of ethanol access, single-bottle access, and individual housing. Here, we sought to determine how some of these individual factors contribute to the high ethanol intake observed in HDID mice. HDID-1, HDID-2, and non-selected HS/NPT mice were tested in a series of DID experiments where one of the following factors was manipulated: length of ethanol access, fluid choice, number of ethanol bottles, and housing condition. We observed that 1) HDID mice achieve intoxicating BECs in DID, even when they are group-housed; 2) HDID mice continue to show elevated ethanol intake relative to HS/NPT mice during an extended access session, but this is most apparent during the first 4 h of access; and 3) offering a water choice during DID prevents elevated intake in the HDID-1 mice, but not necessarily in HDID-2 mice. Together, these results suggest that the lack of choice in the DID paradigm, together with the length of ethanol access, are important factors contributing to elevated ethanol intake in the HDID mice. These results further suggest important differences between the HDID lines in response to procedural manipulations of housing condition and ethanol bottle number in the DID paradigm, highlighting the distinct characteristics that each of these lines possess, despite being selectively bred for the same phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-56
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Drinking in the Dark
  • HDID
  • binge drinking
  • ethanol intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of Drinking in the Dark (DID) procedural manipulations on ethanol intake in High Drinking in the Dark (HDID) mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this