The role of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of airway disease

Tyler J. Paradis, Jennifer Dixon, Brandon H. Tieu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Endoscopy of the airway is a valuable tool for the evaluation and management of airway disease. It can be used to evaluate many different bronchopulmonary diseases including airway foreign bodies, tumors, infectious and inflammatory conditions, airway stenosis, and bronchopulmonary hemorrhage. Traditionally, options for evaluation were limited to flexible and rigid bronchoscopy. Recently, more sophisticated technology has led to the development of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB). These technological advances, combined with increasing provider experience have resulted in a higher diagnostic yield with endoscopic biopsies. This review will focus on the role of bronchoscopy, including EBUS, ENB, and rigid bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary diseases. In addition, it will cover the anesthetic considerations, equipment, diagnostic yield, and potential complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3826-3837
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2016


  • Bronchoscopy
  • Diagnosis
  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Endosonography
  • Lung disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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