The Total Nasal Defect and Reconstruction

Steven B. Cannady, Ted A. Cook, Mark K. Wax

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The structures of the nose are arguably the most complex within the face to reconstitute when absent. Total nasal reconstruction has evolved to encompass advanced surgical techniques in an effort to achieve increasingly satisfactory cosmetic results while restoring nasal function that mimics the function of a patient's natural nose. In this article, the history of total nasal defects and their reconstruction, relevant nasal anatomy, etiologies of the defect, and the surgical approaches to reconstructing each of the three-layered structure of the nose (ie, nasal skin, cartilage/bone, and lining mucosa) are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-201
Number of pages13
JournalFacial plastic surgery clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2009


  • Forehead flap
  • Nasal reconstruction
  • Nasal surgical techniques
  • Nose amputation
  • Nose anatomic structure
  • Total nasal defect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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