Thyroid Nodule Radiofrequency Ablation: Complications and Clinical Follow Up

James Y. Lim, Jennifer H. Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an increasingly popular non-surgical alternative for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. Although RFA is less invasive than surgery, it is not without its own risks with major complications occurring at a rate ranging up to 3.8% in large systematic reviews. We review the range of minor and major complications that have been described after thyroid RFA and their potential management. We also review recommended post-ablation follow-up schedules as well as expectations on thyroid nodule volume rate reduction after treatment. Long term follow-up is necessary as there can be regrowth of ablated thyroid nodules due to an undertreated nodule margin. Overall, RFA has been shown to be a consistently safe and effective treatment for thyroid nodules with excellent long-term results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100824
JournalTechniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • Complications
  • Outcomes
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Thyroid nodule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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