Thyroid peroxidase as toxicity target for dithiocarbamates

M. Marinovich, M. Guizzetti, F. Ghilardi, B. Viviani, E. Corsini, C. L. Galli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


In vivo ethylenebisdithiocarbamates and ETU are toxic to the thyroid gland. Since the molecular target of these compounds is thought to be thyroid peroxidase (TPO) which catalyzes the transfer of iodine to thyroglobulin, we examined the effect of these compounds on peroxidative activity in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with the human TPO gene. The activity was inhibited by 50 μM ETU, 5 μM ziram and 5 μM zineb, the last-mentioned effect being irreversible in the absence of iodide. Thiram had no effect. By contrast, the iodinating activity of TPO was blocked only by 5 μM ETU and 50 μM zineb but not by the other compounds. The effect on TPO-catalysed iodination could explain the differences in thyrotoxicity of these compounds in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-512
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Toxicology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Dithiocarbamates
  • Ethylenethiourea
  • Thyroid peroxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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