Topical and Injectable Therapies for Vulvar Pain

Colleen M. Kennedy, Catherine M. Leclair, Lori A. Boardman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFemale Sexual Pain Disorders
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781405183987
StatePublished - Mar 17 2009


  • Generalized vulvodynia (GVD), provoked vestibulodynia (PVD), and pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD)
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Skin reactions to topical medications-not uncommon
  • Topical and injectable therapies for vulvar pain
  • Topical anesthetics
  • Topical capsaicin and topical nitroglycerin
  • Topical estrogen and testosterone
  • Topical therapy for treatment of PVD and GVD
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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