Purpose: To assess the feasibility of transarterial embolization (TAE) for recalcitrant nighttime shoulder pain in a multicentric study. Materials and Methods: This prospective, open-label, feasibility trial included 100 patients treated at 5 institutions. TAE was performed in 76 patients with adhesive capsulitis (AC) and 24 patients with symptomatic rotator cuff tears (sRCTs). The ipsilateral radial artery was punctured, and imipenem/cilastatin sodium was infused as an embolic agent. Adverse events, 10 point pain numerical rating scale (NRS), range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joint, and quality of life (via the EuroQol-5D [EQ-5D]) were evaluated. Results: All patients exhibited neovascularity on baseline angiography, and all TAE procedures were performed successfully. No patient experienced a major adverse event. The mean nighttime pain NRS scores at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after TAE were 6.4 ± 2.2, 3.4 ± 2.6, 2.3 ± 2.5, and 1.6 ± 2.2, respectively (for all, P <.001). The mean ROM of anterior elevation at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after TAE were 97° ± 29°, 119° ± 28°, 135° ± 27°, and 151° ± 17°, respectively (for all, P <.001). The mean EQ-5D scores at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after TAE were 0.63 ± 0.17, 0.73 ± 0.16, 0.80 ± 0.17, and 0.84 ± 0.17, respectively (for all, P <.001). There was no significant difference in the clinical success rate between the AC and sRCT groups. Conclusions: TAE for nighttime shoulder pain caused by AC and sRCTs was feasible with sufficient safety and efficacy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine