Treatment of Malignant Esophageal Obstructions with Covered Metallic Z Stents: Long-term Results in 52 Patients

Richard R. Saxon, Robert Barton, Ronald M. Katon, Bryan Petersen, Paul C. Lakin, Hans Timmermans, Barry Uchida, Frederick Keller, Josef Rosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the clinical efficacy of silicone-covered Gianturco-Rösch self-expandable Z (GRZ) stents in the treatment of malignant esophageal obstruction. Patients and Methods: GRZ stents were placed in 52 patients (39 men, 13 women) with severe dysphagia due to high-grade malignant esophageal obstruction. Results: Stent placement was technically successful, and immediate relief of dysphagia was achieved in 50 of 52 patients (96%), with long-term relief in 47 patients (90%). Fifty-one patients (98%) died during follow-up (range, 1 week to 33 months; mean, 4.3 months). Late complications were most prevalent and included stent migration (n = 5), food impaction (n = 2), chest pain (n = 2), membrane disruption with tumor ingrowth (n = 1), granulomatous reaction above the stent (n = 1), esophageal perforation with mediastinitis (n = 1), and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (n = 4). Twelve complications were easily managed with medical, endoscopic, or radiologic intervention. Four deaths may have been related to stent placement (early mortality rate, 7.7%). Conclusion: GRZ stents provide relatively safe and effective long-term palliation in patients with severe, malignant esophageal obstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-754
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1995


  • Esophagus, grafts and prostheses, 71.1269
  • Esophagus, neoplasms, 71.321, 71.331
  • Esophagus, stenosis or obstruction, 71.321

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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