Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion is a robust outcome measure in systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension

Stephen C. Mathai, Christopher T. Sibley, Paul R. Forfia, James O. Mudd, Micah R. Fisher, Ryan J. Tedford, Noah Lechtzin, Danielle Boyce, Laura K. Hummers, Traci Housten, Ari L. Zaiman, Reda E. Girgis, Paul M. Hassoun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


Objective. The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) strongly reflects right ventricular (RV) function and predicts survival in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). But its role in systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH has not been established. Our objective was to validate the TAPSE in the assessment of RV function and prediction of survival in SSc-PAH. Methods. Fifty consecutive patients with SSc-PAH who underwent echocardiography with TAPSE measurement within 1 h of clinically indicated right heart catheterization were followed prospectively. The relationship between TAPSE and measures of RV function and measures of survival was assessed. Results. The majority of the cohort were women in New York Heart Association class III/IV with severe PAH (mean cardiac index 2.4 ± 0.8 l/min/m 2). RV function was significantly impaired (mean cardiac index 2.1 ± 0.7 vs 2.9 ± 0.8 l/min/m 2; p < 0.01) and RV afterload was significantly greater (mean pulmonary vascular resistance 11.1 ± 5.1 vs 5.8 ± 2.5 Wood units; p < 0.01) in subjects with a TAPSE ≤ 1.7 cm. The proportion surviving in the low TAPSE group was significantly lower [0.56 (95% CI 0.37-0.71) and 0.46 (95% CI 0.28-0.62) vs 0.87 (95% CI 0.55-0.96) and 0.79 (95% CI 0.49-0.93), 1- and 2-year survival, respectively]. TAPSE ≤ 1.7 cm conferred a nearly 4-fold increased risk of death (HR 3.81, 95% CI 1.31-11.1, p < 0.01). Conclusion. TAPSE is a robust measure of RV function and strongly predicts survival in patients with PAH-SSc. Future studies are needed to identify the responsiveness of TAPSE to PAH-specific therapy and to assess its diagnostic utility in PAH-SSc. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2410-2418
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Echocardiography
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Survival
  • Systemic sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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