Human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV/SIV) exhibit enormous sequence heterogeneity within each infected host. Here, we use ultradeep pyrosequencing to create a comprehensive picture of CD8+ T-lymphocyte (CD8-TL) escape in SIV-infected macaques, revealing a previously undetected complex pattern of viral variants. This increased sensitivity enabled the detection of acute CD8-TL escape as early as 17 days postinfection, representing the earliest published example of CD8-TL escape in intrarectally infected macaques. These data demonstrate that pyrosequencing can be used to study the evolution of CD8-TL escape during immunodeficiency virus infection with an unprecedented degree of sensitivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science