Ultrasound applications in mass casualties and extreme environments

O. John Ma, Jeffrey G. Norvell, Srikala Subramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


A mass-casualty incident is one in which the number of patients with injuries exceeds the available medical resources to care for them in a timely manner. In such a situation, the numerous advantages of ultrasonography make it an ideal triage tool for helping clinicians rapidly screen patients. Experiences during the 1988 Armenian earthquake and the 1999 Turkish earthquake demonstrated the proficiency of ultrasound in providing rapid clinical data to the physicians caring for the mass-casualty patients. Wireless and satellite transmission of ultrasound images also has been shown to be feasible and may be applied to mass-casualty situations. In addition, ultrasound applications have been demonstrated to aid in the diagnosis of various conditions, including pneumothorax, in the International Space Station. Ultrasound's portability, reproducibility, accuracy, and ease of use will make it an important diagnostic instrument for future space missions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S275-S279
JournalCritical care medicine
Issue number5 SUPPL.
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Mass casualty
  • Pneumothorax
  • Trauma
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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