5-(pentafluorobenzoylamino)fluorescein: A selective substrate for the determination of glutathione concentration and glutathione S-transferase activity

Seksiri Arttamangkul, Mahesh K. Bhalgat, Rosaria P. Haugland, Zhenjun Diwu, Jixiang Liu, Dieter H. Klaubert, Richard P. Haugland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


5-(Pentafluorobenzoylamino)fluorescein (PFB-F), a new thiol-reactive molecule was synthesized to improve the detection limits and specificity of the assays for glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and glutathione (GSH). A rapid assay method to measure GSH concentration or GST activity and the simultaneous analysis of multiple samples is possible because the glutathione adduct, GS-TFB-F, is separated from PFB-F by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and can be quantitated by a fluorescence scanner. The detection limits for GSH and for GST activity using TLC were found to be as low as 10 pmol/μl and 1 ng/μl using equine liver GST, respectively. Determination of GSH concentration or GST activity in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial (BPAE) cell lysates gave a linear response for samples corresponding to 500-2500 cells. PFB-F could also measure GST activities of GST fusion proteins and prove to be a suitable substrate for determining the activities of human GST isozymes and other sources of mammalian GST. The selectivity of PFB-F with GSH was proven by comparing trace amount of the adducts that formed with cysteine and β-galactosidase to that formed with GSH. The HPLC profile of a reaction mixture where cell lysate was used in place of purified GST, also shows only two main peaks, corresponding to GS- TFB-F and unreacted PFB-F. The selectivity of PFB-F for GSH was further confirmed by exposing BPAE cells to DL-buthionine-[S,R]-sulfoximine (BSO). Our results of GS-TFB-F determination indicate that 12-, 24-, or 36-h incubations with BSO caused 2-, 6-, or 7.6-fold reductions in GSH levels, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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