A digital system for recording startle, responses in small animals

Chris Cunningham, Charles R. Crowell, Newell K. Eaton, Judson S. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


An easily constructed, isometric startle-recording system is described. The animal enclosure is attached to a plywood board-which, in ten, is mounted in a "springboard" arrangement. Movement is detected by a phonocartridge mounted beneath the chamber, and a digital record of this movement is obtained through the use of a voltage-to-frequency converter. A brief experiment in which the system was used to assess the rat's reaction to electric footshock is also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalBehavior Research Methods & Instrumentation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1973
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)


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