A Review of Diabetes Mellitus-Specific Family Assessment Instruments

Min Kyoung Song, Janet A. Deatrick, Suzanne L. Feetham, Amy Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Family dynamics and attributes are increasingly recognized as affecting management of diabetes mellitus (DM); however, little research has been done on the validity and usefulness of family assessment instruments (FAIs). This article reviewed the literature that employs DM-specific FAIs and evaluates whether the instruments comprehensively captured family attributes/processes and were robust enough to be useful in understanding the relationship between family attributes/issues and DM-related health care. Studies using eight instruments were identified through a search of literature published from 1982 to 2010 and were analyzed with criteria derived from the measurement and family literatures. The findings of this study revealed that DM-specific FAIs yield useful data about family-related phenomenon; however, some domains of DM-specific care, such as family dynamics/functioning, were not overtly measured. Suggestions for improving DM-specific FAIs are provided and a rationale for why DM-specific and non-DM-specific FAIs is needed to fully measure family issues related to family dynamics/attributes on DM patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-433
Number of pages29
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • categorical
  • diabetes mellitus
  • family assessment instrument
  • noncategorical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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