Aberrant methylation of multiple imprinted genes in embryos of tamoxifen-treated male rats

Neelam A. Kedia-Mokashi, Leena Kadam, Mandar Ankolkar, Kushaan Dumasia, N. H. Balasinor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon known to regulate fetal growth and development. Studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that treatment of adult male rats with tamoxifen increased postimplantation loss around mid gestation. Further studies demonstrated the aberrant expression of transcripts of several imprinted genes in the resorbing embryos at days 11 and 13 of gestation including IGF2. In addition, decreased methylation at the Igf2-H19 imprint control region was observed in spermatozoa and in resorbing embryos sired by tamoxifen-treated males. In this study, methylation analysis of the imprinted genes, which were found to be differentially expressed, was done using EpiTYPER in the spermatozoa of tamoxifen-treated rats and in postimplantation embryos sired by tamoxifen-treated rats. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) for most imprinted genes have not been identified in the rats. Hence, initial experiments were performed to identify the putative DMRs in the genes selected for the study. Increased methylation at CpG islands present in the putative DMRs of a number of imprinted genes was observed in the resorbing embryos sired by tamoxifen-treated male rats. This increase in methylation is associated with the downregulation of most of these genes at the transcript level in resorbing embryos. No change in the methylation status of these genes was observed in spermatozoa. These observations suggest that a deregulation of mechanisms protecting unmethylated alleles from a wave of de novo methylation occurs following implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-168
Number of pages14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Cell Biology


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