Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) regions pinpoint homozygousity and monoallelic expressed genes. We analyzed The Cancer Genome Atlas single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays and expression data from oral cavity, oropharynx, and larynx cancers to identify frequency of aUPD in each tumor type and association of aUPD regions and differentially expressed genes in the regions with survival. Cox proportional hazard models were used for survival function; and Student's t test, for differentially expressed genes between groups. The frequency of aUPD was highest in larynx cancers (88.35%) followed by oral cavity (81.11%) and oropharynx cancers (73.85%). In univariate analysis, 11 regions at chromosome 9p were associated with overall survival (OS) in oral cavity cancers. Two regions at chromosome 17p were associated with OS in oropharyngeal cancers, but no aUPD region was associated with survival in patients with larynx cancers. Overexpression of SIGMAR1, C9orf23, and HINT2 was associated with reduced OS in patients with oral cavity cancers, and upregulation of MED27 and YWHAE was associated with shorter OS in patients with oropharynx cancers. In multivariate analysis, four aUPD regions at chromosome 9p and overexpression of HINT2 were associated with shorter OS in oral cavity cancers, and overexpression of MED27 was associated with worse OS in patients with oropharynx cancers. aUPD regions and differentially expressed genes in those regions influence the outcome and may play a role in aggressiveness in oral cavity and oropharynx cancers but not in patients with larynx cancers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research