ACR Appropriateness Criteria®-recurrent rectal cancer

Andre A. Konski, W. Warren Suh, Joseph M. Hermanc, A. William Blackstock, Theodore S. Hong, Matthew M. Poggi, Miguel Rodriguez-Bigas, William Small, Charles R. Thomas, Jennifer Zook

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions. These Criteria are reviewed every 2 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The development and review of these guidelines includes an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a wellestablished consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. Local recurrence of rectal cancer can result in devastating symptoms for patients, including intractable pain and discharge. Prior treatment can limit subsequent treatment options. Preoperative 5-FU based chemoradiotherapy is the treatment of choice for patients with a local recurrence who did not receive adjuvant therapy after initial resection or who might have received chemotherapy alone. Chemoradiotherapy followed by evaluation for surgery is the preferred treatment for patients who have undergone previous radiotherapy after surgery. The inclusion of surgery has resulted in the best outcomes in a majority of studies. Palliative chemoradiotherapy is appropriate for patients who have received previous radiotherapy whose recurrent disease is considered inoperable. Radiotherapy can be delivered on a standard or hyperfractionated treatment schedule. Newer systemic treatments have improved response rates and given physicians more options for treating patients in this difficult situation. The use of induction chemotherapy prior to radiotherapy is an evolving treatment option. Specialized treatment modalities should be used at institutions with experience in these techniques and preferably in patients enrolled in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalGastrointestinal Cancer Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Local recurrent rectal cancer
  • Re-irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology


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