Adrenergic regulation of ICER (inducible cyclic AMP early repressor) and β1-adrenergic receptor gene expression in C6 glioma cells

Laura Rydelek Fitzgerald, Zhongwei Li, Curtis A. Machida, Peter H. Fishman, Ronald S. Duman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


ICER (inducible cyclic AMP early repressor), a member of the cyclic AMP response element (CRE) modulator (CREM) family of transcription factors, is a powerful repressor of cyclic AMP-mediated transactivation. Our studies characterize the regulation of ICER in C6 glioma cells and investigate its role in repressing transcription of the β1-adrenergic receptor (β1AR) gene. Incubation with isoproterenol (100 nM) results in a rapid induction in levels of mRNA for ICER and its splice variant ICERγ, with maximal induction occurring after 2 h of treatment. Incubation with isoproterenol also increased levels of CREM isoforms within 1 h; this was unexpected given previous reports that these isoforms are not rapidly induced. Increased expression of ICER and CREM was accompanied by induction of two CRE-binding complexes. The presence of ICER in these two CRE-binding complexes is demonstrated by their disruption with CREM antibody and by their comigration with recombinant ICER. Because the time course for isoproterenol induction of ICER mRNA and CRE binding corresponds to that for down-regulation of β1AR mRNA levels in C6 glioma cells, the influence of ICER on β1AR transcription was directly examined. Coexpression of ICER significantly decreased transcriptional activity of a rat β1AR promoter-luciferase reporter construct that contains a CRE. In contrast, coexpression of ICER did not influence two truncated rat β1AR promoter constructs that lack the CRE site. These data demonstrate that ICER can interact at the β1AR promoter to repress transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-497
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1996


  • Cyclic AMP response element binding protein
  • Cyclic AMP response element modulator
  • Gene repressor
  • Gene transcription
  • Isoproterenol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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