The insulin-like growth factors, IGF-I and IGF-II, are proteins that promote cellular growth and differentiation of various organs, including the kidney. These peptides interact with high affinity cell surface receptors and bind to a family of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). Altered serum and urinary IGFBP patterns in children with chronic renal failure have been previously described. In this study, we evaluated serum and urinary IGFBP profiles in acute renal failure patients (ARF; n = 10) and chronic renal failure patients (n = 10), using Western ligand blots. Most patients with acute or chronic renal failure showed decreased intact serum IGFBP-3 and increased serum IGFBP-2. Both groups displayed marked urinary IGFBP alterations, including increased urinary IGFBP-1 and totally absent urinary IGFBP-3, as detected by Western ligand blot. To evaluate altered IGFBP profiles, we performed IGFBP- 3 protease assays with sera and urine from renal failure patients and normal controls. Although control urine had only minor protease activity (defined by the ability to degrade [125I]IGFBP-3), significant protease activity was found in urine from renal failure patients. The proteolytic pattern and susceptibility to protease inhibitors in most renal failure urine samples were the same as those seen in normal urine and with plasmin. Protease activity was completely inhibited by serine protease inhibitors. We speculate that urinary protease activity is mediated primarily by a serine protease(s), which may be involved in the modulation of renal IGF activity in health and disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical