An Implantable Transparent Conductive Film with Water Resistance and Ultrabendability for Electronic Devices

Youngjun Song, Sejung Kim, Michael J. Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Recently, instead of indium tin oxide, the random mesh pattern of metallic nanowires for flexible transparent conducting electrodes (FTCEs) has received a great amount of interest due to its flexibility, low resistance, reasonable price, and compliant processes. Mostly, nanowires for FTCEs are fabricated by spray or mayer coating methods. However, the metallic nanowire layer of FTCEs, which is fabricated by these methods, has a spiked surface roughness and low junction contact between the nanowires that lead to their high sheet resistance value. Also, the nanowires on FTCEs are easy to peel-off through exterior forces such as bending, twisting, or contact. To solve these problems, we demonstrate novel methods through which silver nanowires (AgNWs) are deposited onto a nanosize porous nitrocellulose (NC) substrate by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and an opaque and porous substrate. Respectively, through dimethyl sulfoxide treatment, AgNWs on NC (AgNW/NC) is changed to the transparent and nonporous FTCEs. This enhances the junction contact of the AgNWs by EPD and also allows a permanent attachment of AgNWs onto the substrate. To show the mechanical strength of the AgNWs on the transparent nitrocellulose (AgNW/TNC), it is tested by applying diverse mechanical stress, such as a binding test (3M peel-off), compressing, bending, twisting, and folding. Next, we demonstrate that AgNW/TNC can be effectively implanted onto normal newspapers and papers. As paper electronics, light-emitting diodes, which are laminated onto paper, are successfully operated through a basic AgNW/TNC strip circuit. Finally, it is demonstrated that AgNW/TNC and AgNW/TNC on paper are water resistant for 15 min due to the insulation properties of the nonporous substrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42302-42312
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 6 2017


  • flexibility
  • implantable electronics
  • nitrocellulose
  • silver nanowire
  • transparent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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