Appropriateness Criteria for Surgery in the Management of Adult Recurrent Acute Rhinosinusitis

Luke Rudmik, Daniel M. Beswick, Jeremiah A. Alt, Neil Bhattacharyya, Alexander C. Chester, Stacey T. Gray, David M. Poetker, Michael G. Stewart, Timothy L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is frequently performed for recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS). Appropriate indications for surgery among patients with RARS have not yet been rigorously determined. The objective of this study was to define appropriateness criteria for ESS in the management of adult RARS. Study Design: Application of RAND-UCLA appropriateness methodology. Methods: A panel of nine multidisciplinary experts in RARS was formed to evaluate RARS scenarios generated from current evidence. The panel completed two rounds of a modified Delphi-ranking process and a teleconference. Results: A total of 32 clinical scenarios were ranked in each round. For adult patients with RARS, ESS can appropriately be offered as a treatment option when patients experience ≥ four annual episodes, and there is confirmation of at least one episode via computed tomography or nasal endoscopy, and the patient and clinician jointly participate in shared decision making, and the patient has either failed a trial of topical nasal steroids or experienced RARS-related productivity loss. Conclusions: This study has defined appropriateness criteria for ESS as a management option for adult patients with RARS. These criteria are intended to represent a minimum threshold for which ESS should be considered in the treatment of RARS and do not suggest that all patients who meet these criteria should undergo surgery. These criteria may serve as a baseline set of indications for ESS in patients with RARS. Level of Evidence: NA Laryngoscope, 129:37–44, 2019.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • Recurrent acute rhinosinusitis
  • appropriateness criteria
  • endoscopic sinus surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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