Artificial intelligence for retinopathy of prematurity

Rebekah H. Gensure, Michael F. Chiang, John P. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Purpose of review In this article, we review the current state of artificial intelligence applications in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and provide insight on challenges as well as strategies for bringing these algorithms to the bedside. Recent findings In the past few years, there has been a dramatic shift from machine learning approaches based on feature extraction to 'deep' convolutional neural networks for artificial intelligence applications. Several artificial intelligence for ROP approaches have demonstrated adequate proof-of-concept performance in research studies. The next steps are to determine whether these algorithms are robust to variable clinical and technical parameters in practice. Integration of artificial intelligence into ROP screening and treatment is limited by generalizability of the algorithms to maintain performance on unseen data and integration of artificial intelligence technology into new or existing clinical workflows. Summary Real-world implementation of artificial intelligence for ROP diagnosis will require massive efforts targeted at developing standards for data acquisition, true external validation, and demonstration of feasibility. We must now focus on ethical, technical, clinical, regulatory, and financial considerations to bring this technology to the infant bedside to realize the promise offered by this technology to reduce preventable blindness from ROP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Artificial intelligence
  • deep learning
  • machine learning
  • retinopathy of prematurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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