Attenuation of postischemic reperfusion injury is related to prevention of [Ca2+](m) overload in rat hearts

Masami Miyamae, S. Albert Camacho, Michael W. Weiner, Vincent M. Figueredo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Scopus citations


Intracellular calcium overload has been implicated in postischemic reperfusion injury. In myocytes, mitochondrial free calcium concentration ([Ca2+](m)), not cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ](c)), overload is related to reoxygenation injury. We tested the hypothesis that [Ca2+ ](m), not [Ca2+](c), overload is an important mediator of reperfusion injury in whole hearts. [Ca2+](m) and [Ca2+(]c) were assessed using indo 1 fluorescence in isolated rat hearts subjected to 45 min of ischemia and 20 min of reperfusion. Ruthenium red (RR), a selective inhibitor of mitochondrial calcium uptake at 0.025 μM, attenuated the increase of [Ca2+](m) (4% RR vs. 57% control) over preischemic levels (230 ± 10 nM) but did not affect the increase of systolic [Ca2+](c) (990 ± 100 nM RR vs. 1,010 ± 130 nM control). This was associated with improved recovery of left ventricular developed pressure (61% RR vs. 37% control) and attenuation of the increase of diastolic pressure (34 mmHg RR vs. 47 mmHg control). Contractile recovery was related to the degree of [Ca2+](m) overload in both control and RR hearts (r2 = 0.47, P = 0.001). This study is the first to demonstrate that [Ca2+](m), and not [Ca2+](c), overload is related to reperfusion injury in intact beating hearts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2145-H2153
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number5 40-5
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • indo 1 fluorescence
  • intracellular calcium
  • myocardium
  • ruthenium red

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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